Ask Elton
Your Flight Training & Ground School Specialist

ATPL » Air Law – Helicopter » Global Navigation Satellite System.

37.68 Global Navigation Satellite System

37.68.4 State the meaning of a GPS “sole means navigation system”. CAR 19

19.203 Glossary 

The following is an explanation of terms relevant to this Subpart:

Sole-means navigation system:

a navigation system approved for a given operation or phase of flight that must allow the aircraft to meet, for that operation or phase of flight, all four navigation system performance requirements: accuracy, integrity, availability, and continuity of service:


37.68.6 State the restriction on using GPS as a sole means navigation system under IFR in the New Zealand FIR. CAR 19

19.209 Sole means GPS operations 

(a) A person shall not operate an aircraft under IFR using a sole means navigation system, which uses only GPS sensors, within the New Zealand Flight Information Region.


37.68.10 State the requirements which must be met before a pilot of an aircraft operating within the New Zealand FIR, under IFR, using GPS equipment as a primary means navigation system, is permitted random flight routing. CAR 19

To see more, you must subscribe for licence "ATPL" or sesssion "Air Law – Helicopter"