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Instructor » Fixed Wing Patter » Basic Stall

INSTRUCTOR (student to follow through)


HASELL checks         Height – sufficient height to recover by 2500ft

                                    Airframe – Lights and a/c configuration

                                    Security – no loose objects, seatbelts

                                    Engine – T’s & P’s

                                    Location – over unpopulated area

                                    Lookout – In direction of turn and below the a/c


Ref point – In front and out your side window                 Ref Altitude




Carb heat hot

Close throttle smoothly and keep straight with rudder on ref point

Maintain Ref Alt with elevator

Through 60kts carb heat cold

Mention symptoms of stall  low & decreasing airspeed, less effective controls

Gently increasing the backpressure to maintain ref altitude

Keeping straight on ref point




Show stall

Check forward

Note altitude loss

Full power – climb back up


Repeat Demo with stall recovery for minimum altitude loss – HELL check


Stall recovery

Check forward

Full power, keep straight with rudder

Raise nose, climb








Ok now we have looked at what a stall is, and how we recover from them. In real life we wouldn’t want this to occur because it could prove quite dangerous, so it is important that we are able to recognise the symptoms of an approaching stall, and recover before reaching the stall.


Student to set up for another stall, this time recovering at the stall warning (eg)

Recovery from onset:

Full power and lower a/c nose at same time (note height loss)