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12.46 TAWS Systems
12.46.2 Briefly describe the basic function and operation of TAWS (Terrain Awareness and Warning System).
The Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) is an airborne system that provides pilots with terrain and obstacle alerts. The system uses GPS and other sensors to determine the aircraft's position and altitude relative to the surrounding terrain. When the system detects a potential collision threat with the terrain or an obstacle, it provides the pilot with visual and audible alerts, as well as guidance on how to avoid the threat. The TAWS system operates independently of ground-based air traffic control and is designed to enhance situational awareness and prevent Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) accidents.