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PPL » Human Factors » Culture

10.54 Culture

10.54.2 Identify the elements in a safety culture. 

10.54.4 List the key reasons for safety reporting in aviation. 

10.54.6 Explain the rationale for mandatory reporting of incidents as required by Part 12. 

10.54.8 Distinguish between normal error, at risk behaviour and high culpability behaviour. 

10.54.10 Distinguish between negligent and reckless behaviour. 

10.54.12 Describe the role of punitive sanction.


Ross Ewing defines safety culture as "an ongoing process of intellectual and practical achievement directed at eliminating all unsafe attitudes and practices". 

A safety culture should encourage all areas of the organisation to minimise the risk of accidents with the emphasis on senior management taking a "top-down" approach in promoting safety.

The safety culture should be reflected in all aspects of the organisation's policies and procedures including reporting of safety problems and issues, immediate rectification and monitoring and zero tolerance on safety related matters.

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