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10.52 Threat and Error Management

10.52.2 Explain the role of human error in aviation accidents. 

10.52.4 Explain the degree to which human error can be eliminated. 

10.52.6 Describe the main types of threats which could potentially affect a safe flight. 

10.52.8 Explain the basic elements and features of the Reason Model. 

10.52.10 Describe threat management, including means of: 

(a) recognising threats 

(b) avoiding threats 

(c) mitigating the effects of threats.


The factors involved in most of the aviation accidents caused by human error can be grouped into nine general categories:

1.Loss of situational awareness

2.Violation of policy and regulation

It has been said that you can't crash without breaking a rule.

Actually, in many accidents the pilots involved were flying in blatant disregard of standard
operating procedures or regulations.


What really determines our success as pilots, besides how we actually manipulate tile controls, is how well we can analyse a situation and selects the best course of action.

One key identifier of a professional pilot is how well he uses superior knowledge to avoid having to use his superior skill

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