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Instructor » Mountain Flying » Situational Awareness

Situational Awareness

  • Threats
  • Space
  • Inertia 
  • Drift
  • Altitude, including pressure and density altitude
  • Turning radius and effects of speed, configurations, wind, turbulence, weight, visibility
  • Weather patterns
  • Sun/shadow
  • Scale - GA aircraft are but a dot on the landscape
  • Merging terrain
  • Clear air effect
  • Legal requirements
  • Recognition of height above terrain
  • Appreciation of the need for anticipation versus reaction
  • Moral responsibilities – consideration of people and stock
  • Appropriate clothing and footwear
  • Passenger safety and comfort
  • Potential landing options
  • Distances for position reports
  • Traffic
  • Illusions, especially terrain gradient
  • Fuel remaining
  • Daylight remaining
  • Potential for stalling in the turn
  • Effect of poor visibility configuration on fuel management
  • Potential dehydration effects
  • White water content in rivers as indicator of valley gradient