Instructor » Fixed Wing Patter » Climbing & Descending
Climbing & Descending
Do a Max performance T/O with out flap to show Vx and Vy
Best angle – 54kts
Note nose attitude & ROC .
This is the most height gained in a given distance, we could use this to climb over an obstacle after take off that may be in our flight path.
Best rate – 67kts
Note nose attitude & ROC.
This is the most height gained in a given time, we could use this if we want to climb to an altitude in the fastest amount of time.
A/c nose on horizon (make sure students eyes are at top of door)
Note nose attitude & ROC
We could use this if we want to climb with better forward visibility, a faster groundspeed and better engine cooling.
Effect of flap on climb performance.
Note lower nose attitude & decreased ROC
DEMO Airspeed chasing
get student to try to maintain a speed by looking at the airspeed indicator
INSTRUCTOR (student to follow through)
Ref pt (DI), Ref alt (cloud, airspace), Lookout
Entry - PAT
P is for Power
mixture rich, full power, keep straight with rudder on ref point
A is for Attitude
with elevator, set and hold climb attitude
with aileron maintain wings level
T is for Trim
relieve control column pressure
Here we are established in a climb. Note where the nose is in relation to the horizon, with this attitude we’ll maintain a constant airspeed.